India and China have finally expressed their concerns about Russia’s actions in Ukraine

India and China have finally expressed their concerns about Russia’s actions in Ukraine

top line

India and China raised concerns about the impact of Russia’s ongoing invasion of Ukraine – emphasizing the violation of international law and its territorial integrity – at a meeting of the UN Security Council on Thursday, rare signs of the two countries’ likely opposition to Russia’s implicit threat to use nuclear weapons.

key facts

Indian External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar “There can be no justification for violating human rights or international law,” citing reports of mass killings on Ukrainian territory formerly under Russian control.

In an apparent criticism of Putin’s veiled threats, Jaishankar said “the nuclear issue is of particular concern” and highlighted the issue of global food and fuel shortages due to the invasion.

Jaishankar also repeated Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s recent talks with Putin in which he said “today’s era is not war”, and urged the Russian leader to end the conflict peacefully.

Before the referendum organized by Russia to annex Ukrainian territory, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi said that Beijing believes that β€œthe sovereignty and territorial integrity of all countries should be respected,” adding that β€œthe principles of the United Nations Charter must be respected.”

After meeting with his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping earlier this month, Putin admitted that Xi had raised “questions and concerns” about the situation in Ukraine.

critical quote

Recognizing the apparent shift in opinion toward Russia, Foreign Minister Anthony Blinken told the Security Council: β€œWe hear a lot about divisions between nations at the United Nations. But what has been striking recently is the remarkable unity among member states when it comes to Russia’s war on Ukraine…even a number of Countries that maintain close relations with Moscow have publicly stated that they have serious questions and concerns about President Putin’s ongoing invasion.”

main background

Both India and China have tried to remain neutral amid the ongoing conflict and have refrained from publicly criticizing Russia. Prior to the invasion, China said it had a “borderless” partnership with Russia and even agreed that it had legitimate concerns about NATO’s expansion into Eastern Europe. Since the conflict began, Chinese officials have criticized Western sanctions against Russia but have not provided any military support to Moscow. India has tried to avoid criticizing Russia – its largest arms supplier – even as it has developed close ties with the United States amid a growing regional rivalry with China. As Western countries move to reduce or impose sanctions on Russian energy, India and China have continued to import cheap oil from Russia. Both countries also refused to participate in the G7’s efforts to cap Russian oil prices. However, Russian efforts to annex vast swathes of Ukrainian territory and Putin’s threat to use nuclear weapons may have served as a bridge too far for both China and India – who are both nuclear-armed and have multiple territorial disputes with other countries.

READ ALSO :   A day after Putin announced the annexation, troops were forced out of Lyman

in-depth reading

World opinion turns against Russia as Ukraine fears grow (Associated Press)

Putin admits that China has ‘concerns’ about Russia’s invasion of Ukraine (Forbes)

Indian PM says Putin now is not an era of war in first public comments against Russian invasion (Forbes)

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